Biologically Appropriate Raw Dog Food
We're going to cover the basics of canine nutrition and why it is important to understand how your dog's body is designed to eat. So before we dig in, let's look at what nutrition is. Nutrition is defined as the process of providing or obtaining the food necessary for health and growth, complete and balanced nutrition is what we are all striving for and is essential to sustain a healthy life and reduce the risk for disease. So to understand how a dog is meant to eat, we first must understand its nutritional needs. And to do this, we have to look at where dogs come from and how their bodies are designed. Dogs are of the order, carnivores, no known as canis, lupus familiaris and our subspecies of wolves known as Canus lupus.
Carnival HRA is literally a word in Latin. That means flesh devour. So carnivores are there for those animals that eat other animals for their nutrients versus a herbivore, like a cow who would derive their nutrients from plant matter. So now let's take a closer look at the anatomy of the Canus lupus. Familiaris you know, that friendly pup that shares the sofa with us. The one that licks your face as a sign of affection. Well, let's first look at their mouth for clues as to how these animals would eat. Naturally. Most adult dogs have 42 teeth that are meant for grabbing, ripping, tearing, shredding meat and crushing bone. You'll notice their molars, which are the teeth in the very back of their jaw which is pointed. These are what they use to crush bone very different than the molars you'll find in our mouths as omnivores or those in cows as herbivores Mueller's in our mouths are flat and meant for grinding plant matter, not so in the canine mouth.
So from this, we know dogs are meant to eat meat and bone. We also have other clues that are found in the mouth that have guided us to understand that dogs have very little nutritional need. If any, for carbohydrates or plant matter dogs, lack the digestive enzyme amylase in their mouth. We all know the mouth is the first part of the digestive system. And if the mouth doesn't have this enzyme, which specifically breaks down carbohydrates to begin breaking the plant matter, the next place in the body, we find the amylase would be in the pancreas and the canine body. This is well after the food contents have been digested and left the stomach. So speaking of the stomach, this is where the food the dog takes in its mouth is broken down the lining of the canine stomach secretes, a gastric acid that is almost 10 times stronger in concentration than what is in our human bodies that combined with enzymes break down meat and bones will at the same time killing any pathogenic or bad bacteria that might be found in the meat or on the decline, the decaying flesh that they're eating.
So the pH level of the canine stomach, when there is food in it is between one to two on the pH scale. Now think about this battery acid in our cars, which is extremely acidic and dangerous is at a pH of 1.0. So the canine stomach is almost as acidic as battery acid, pretty impressive. Right? So now moving on from the stomach, we're going to skip over a few organs and find our way to the intestines where we discover a few more clues as to how the canine as a carnivore should eat. The intestines of dogs are short. Combined, the small and large intestine is only about two and a half to three times the length of the dog's body. The human intestines are about six times the length of our body. So the shorter intestines and the dog are designed to push food and bacteria quickly through the body.
Before it has time to ferment. This is why when you feed your dogs, vegetables unless you've broken down the cell walls of these veggies by pure rain or processed processing them, the veggies come out the same way as they go in their bodies and just aren't designed to break down this nutrient. So now that we know how nature designed the canine body, how do we determine what we should be feeding our furry best friend? Well, have you ever watched your dog run across the yard chasing after that squirrel or a rabbit or sitting near the bird feeder waiting patiently for a bird to land only so they can chase after it, trying to catch it and chase it away? Well, this is our dog's way of showing us their true instincts, what they were born to eat. So let's look at the macronutrients, the protein, fat carbohydrates, and water, and see how the dog's body uses each protein dogs.
Dogs bodies require high amounts of protein to thrive. In fact, their bodies use up to 30 to 35% of their dietary protein intake just to grow for and maintain, skin and coat health. Now the best sources of protein for our dogs will come from animal meat and animal organs. This is because protein from these sources will have the highest biological value. This just means how efficiently the body can digest, utilize and absorb the protein. So not only are animal meat and organs, the easiest to digest but they also all contain all of the essential amino acids that the canine body requires. The canine body requires 20 amino acids that play a key role in the production of proteins in their body that build and repair organs and tissues, combat disease, and transport molecules. They also influence how organs, glands, tendons, and arteries function and are essential for the removal of all waste deposits produced in connection with the metabolism of these 20 amino acids, 10 are what we call essential amino acids. This means that the canine body is unable to synthesize these 10 essential amino acids in its body. And therefore they must come through the diet from a food source. Now, as I mentioned, all of the 10 essential amino acids can be found in animal protein. This is extremely important because dogs have what they call a limiting amino acid effect. And if one essential amino acid is missing, then none of the others can be utilized by the canine body. And if this is to occur, the dog's body will actually begin to break down its own tissue, which will then seriously compromise its health. Moving on to another macro nutrient fat. It's a rich source of energy for dogs and nutritional fat delivers both fatty acids and essential fatty acids besides acting as a fuel source. Fats are also necessary as they allow for the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.
Now essential fatty acids, just like the essential amino acids we learned about a moment ago must come through the diet from an outside food source because the body cannot synthesise them. Essential fatty acids are necessary for healthy skin and coat, a strong immune system and the body's response to inflammation. And also for reproduction reproductive function. These EFS are Omega sixes and Omega threes and the ratio of which the canine body needs. These fats are actually often debated, but the ratio of five to one, five being the Omega six is one being the Omega threes is most commonly agreed upon. It's important to note that the Omega threes like DHA and EPA fatty acids are directly related to brain and iHealth and are derived from oils of cold-water fish and that these are extremely volatile oils. So whenever supplementing your dog's diet with these Omega three essential fatty acids, it's important to minimize their exposure to air light and moisture, as it will oxidize the fat and actually make it turn rancid, which means you are putting free radicals into your dog's body rather than tons of healthy goodness that you're trying for. This could be seen by pre-digestion meaning that the small prey they would have eaten would have themselves eaten vegetables or berries and would be pre-digested in the contents of that small animal stomach. Now, even though dogs have little to no nutritional value for carbohydrates, if they are provided, the body can use them as sources of dietary fibre or as a source of energy. Again, when we are talking about carbohydrates with dogs, we are really only focusing on vegetables and fruit think about what would their prey eat?
Now if you think your dog already drinks enough water, think about this in nature, they would be eating prey whose bodies are made up of 70 to 75% moisture, compared that to the diet that most dogs eat today that contain Little or no moisture. So now what do you think are they drinking enough? You should aim at ensuring your dog consumes at least one ounce of water per pound of their body weight per day. Water is necessary for every single important bodily function and is the main component of cells, tissues and organs, water AIDS in the digestion of food plays a critical role in nutrient absorption and is necessary for toxin and waste removal from the body. You know, water also serves to cool the body and help maintain normal body temperature. In addition, it plays a role in lubricating and cushioning the joints, which helps with mobility and also helps cushion the internal organs and the spinal cord. So now, after hearing all of that, I hope you understand and agree that water is pretty important and should be considered a macronutrient. Now that you know how the canine body is designed anatomically and you understand their nutritional needs. I hope you all take a look at how you are feeding your animals and start asking questions and remember everything that goes into their mouth affects their body. So don't only look at their food, look at their treats to think nutrition as nature intended and provide quality ingredients that their bodies need.